THE future of green hydrogen
Is the future of green energy
THE PROBLEM For Hydrogen Production
Current methods for hydrogen production are either unsustainable or difficult and expensive to scale
Steam methane reforming (SMR) as the name suggests uses methane (CH4) for the production of hydrogen gas. This method releases a lot of carbon in the process, and while carbon capture technology can help, it isn’t 100%, meaning some carbon will always be emitted.
Electrolysis is a method that uses electrical inputs to separate hydrogen from H2O. While this method is the current favorite for growing green hydrogen production, it is going to require up to 30 terawatts of wind and solar capacity in order to realize a true hydrogen economy.
Green hydrogen is currently priced significantly higher than hydrogen produced from fossil fuels. This is mostly owing to the fact that renewable energy is still costly, and electrolyzer manufacturing is still very expensive.
The GenHydro™ Reactor System
A REACTANT BASED APPROACH
The GenHydro™ reactor system utilizes a reactant-based approach for separating hydrogen from water. We make use of the stored energy in highly reactive and abundant pure elements to rapidly produce large amounts of hydrogen, with zero emissions and a non-toxic byproduct.
The Next Gen reactor system not only produces hydrogen but also produces enough heat and pressure to operate a steam-powered turbine for the cogeneration of electricity alongside hydrogen.
The Gen 1 and Next Gen reactors are both capable of producing hydrogen at a low cost, hitting 2030 targets for hydrogen production way ahead of schedule. The GenHydro™ system makes hydrogen economical now!
Natural gas and hydrogen
Natural gas companies around the globe have been investigating and implementing plans for blending various concentrations of hydrogen into natural gas in order to reduce the carbon intensity of methane. Current pilot programs in Europe and the U.S. are aiming for a 20% concentration of hydrogen into existing natural gas pipelines. So far these pilot programs have seen incredible success with consumers saying there is no noticeable difference in the natural gas and hydrogen blend.
The U.S. Department of Energy has been experimenting with the effects of hydrogen gas on various pipeline materials in order to determine how hydrogen will affect existing pipelines at different concentrations. The goal of these experiments is to release guidelines and models for natural gas companies to upgrade their pipelines for the transition to hydrogen as an alternative to natural gas.
The implications of this are tremendous, as natural gas companies are seeking ways to reduce their carbon emissions, hydrogen is the clear path forward.
oil & hydrogen
Major oil producers are betting big on hydrogen, and they are incredibly well-positioned for the hydrogen market. Hydrogen has a number of unique requirements such as pressurization, specialized transportation, and specialized storage. These are areas where oil companies excel, as well as having the infrastructure and distribution networks for shipping large amounts of hydrogen.
While major players in the oil industry are planning on continuing in oil for a number of years, companies such as Shell, Exxon, and BP have already made significant investments into how they can begin a transition into the hydrogen market.
The GenHydro reactor system is the perfect solution for major oil companies to begin producing and distributing large amounts of hydrogen on a global scale.
Agriculture & hydrogen
A major discovery that propelled agriculture forward in a world-altering way was the development of the Haber-Bosch system for ammonia production. Ammonia is a foundational ingredient for millions of tons of fertilizer used globally. With a chemical formula of NH3 ammonia is produced by combining nitrogen and hydrogen gas.
Currently, ammonia plants use a method known as SMR, or Steam Methane Reforming, in order to produce the hydrogen needed for ammonia production. This method however results in high carbon emissions.
The construction of a green ammonia plant costs over $900 million. Approximately 75% of this cost is associated with the electrolyzer for green hydrogen production.
With the GenHydro system, the full construction of a green ammonia plant would cost between $275 – $400 million, depending on the plant production capacity. This means that the construction of a green ammonia plant is comparable or even less than the cost for a plant that utilizes SMR.
Commercial vehicles & hydrogen
The commercial transportation and shipping industry has been investigating emissions reduction methods for some time and has already seen significant progress.
Battery-powered electric semi-trucks have been developed, such as the Tesla Semi, but the limiting factor for these vehicles is the weight of the lithium batteries required in order for these trucks to travel long distances without needing to recharge. It is estimated that these trucks may lose up to 1 ton of weight capacity as a result of the weight of the batteries. By comparison, a fuel cell semi would only require about 20kg or 44lbs of hydrogen fuel to travel over 600 km or over 350 mi.
A number of startup companies, such as Hyzon Motors, as well as major automobile manufacturers, such as Daimler AG, have begun manufacturing hydrogen-powered semi-trucks. These vehicles do not have the weight limitations that electric semis have, and could be refueled in a matter of minutes as opposed to hours of recharging time.
At GenHydro, our goal is to provide low-cost hydrogen for commercial vehicles, so that the transition to hydrogen-powered commercial transportation does not become a costly endeavor.
Consumer vehicles & hydrogen
The consumer vehicle market has been steadily shifting towards emissions-free vehicles with a focus on electric vehicles for over a decade. While these vehicles have been effective at reducing emissions from automobiles, they do face their limitations. A number of manufacturers, such as Toyota, Honda, and Hyundai, have concluded that to achieve a zero-emissions portfolio of vehicles, hydrogen vehicles need to be a part of their future.
Currently, hydrogen costs $16.51 per kilogram in California where hydrogen fueling station locations are growing. With the 5kg capacity of vehicles like the Toyota fiMirai, that means it costs $82.55 to fill up on hydrogen fuel. That is more than double the cost of refueling a gasoline vehicle of comparable size.
The GenHydro system allows for inexpensive green hydrogen production, at a low enough cost to put the retail price per kg of hydrogen at 1/4 the current cost of hydrogen at the pump. This means that with GenHydro hydrogen, a fuel cell vehicle owner can fully refuel at a total cost of $20-$25.
Steel & hydrogen
When thinking of carbon emissions, steel manufacturing is often not the main contributor that comes to mind. However, iron and steel production accounts for 7-9% of global emissions.
In the iron-reducing process, a carbon-rich fuel known as coke is used to react with iron oxide, with the resulting product being crude iron, which is then used to produce crude steel. This process results in a significant amount of carbon emissions.
However, a relatively new process using hydrogen in the iron-reducing stage has shown to be just as effective. Instead of CO2 resulting from the process, when hydrogen is used the resulting byproduct is water.
A major obstacle to the steel industry moving entirely over to hydrogen for use in steel production is the current cost of green hydrogen. However, with the low cost of hydrogen produced with the GenHydro system, steel manufacturers can make the transition at a much lower cost.
Cement & hydrogen
Cement is manufactured by combining a number of minerals and metals at extremely high temperatures. The current method used for heating these materials is fossil fuel-powered kilns. As a result of the sheer amount of cement produced globally, the amount of emissions is very high. For every pound of cement produced there are 0.9 pounds of CO 2 emissions.
Researchers have found that not only can hydrogen be used as a heating fuel for cement production, but it can also be used in the reduction of calcium carbonate to calcium oxide, a key ingredient in the most common type of cement in use, known as portland cement.
With the availability of low-cost hydrogen, cement manufacturers can begin to utilize hydrogen and global impact. At GenHydro™, we are committed to helping industries just like this make the transition to emissions-free production.